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For Hong Kong residents wondering what sort of behavior might breach the Beijing-imposed national security law, one of the city’s top police officers says it’s the wrong question to ask.

“Do not tempt the law — it’s simple,” Oscar Kwok, the Hong Kong Police Force’s deputy commissioner for management, said in an interview with Bloomberg Television.

“A healthy attitude is to say, ‘How can I be a responsible citizen and just make sure that I contribute to the overall harmony and peace and security of this place,’ rather than say ‘Hmm, let me see how far I can push this envelope, so that I can almost touch the red line, but you can’t touch me,’” Kwok said. “This isn’t how we want to police Hong Kong.”

relates to Hong Kong Police Warn Residents to Avoid Red Lines on Politics

Photographer: Lam Yik/Bloomberg

The security law, put into place after sometimes-violent pro-democracy protests that rocked the city in 2019, prohibits subversion, secession, terrorism and foreign collusion. But lawyers and Western governments have criticized the law’s vague provisions as a tool for Hong Kong authorities to jail activists and opposition lawmakers for normal political activities, as well as students for posting comments online.

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In a wide-ranging interview, Kwok defended the Hong Kong Police Force, saying the arrests were necessary because the city faces pressing national security threats, including from the U.S. The Biden administration has tightened sanctions on mainland and Hong Kong officials on allegations they undermined the former British colony’s autonomy — as promised ahead of the 1997 handover.

“There are countries on Earth whose basic DNA is aggressive,” he said. “I’m talking about the United States. And I think it’s also clearly stated what their intent is, OK? To suppress the development of China. It’s an open secret.”

China this week increased its control over Hong Kong’s elections, passing sweeping amendments that give Beijing the right to veto any candidates it deems disloyal to Beijing. The new order gives police a role in vetting the candidates to see if they pose a national security threat.

“I’m not in charge of that, but I would say you only need to look at how all countries on earth conduct national security, intelligence and vetting,” Kwok said when asked what criteria the police would use to vet candidates. “How different can it be?”

Throughout the protests, Hong Kong’s police faced numerous accusations from Western politicians and human-rights groups of using excessive force against protesters, including firing off thousands of cannisters of tear gas in one of the world’s densest cities. The police have defended those tactics as a justified response to violence deployed by protesters who threw bricks and petrol bombs at riot cops throughout the unrest.

On Wednesday, the U.S. State Department issued a report that said the national security law increased Beijing’s “control over the Hong Kong government’s policy and security functions.” The report said oversight of Hong Kong’s law enforcement was insufficient, noting the local Complaints Against Police Office “lacks institutional independence” and a separate Independent Police Complaints Council “lacks the necessary investigative powers to conduct an effective investigation.”

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